What is life? A perspective of the mathematical kinetic theory of active particles
Bellomo N, Burini D, Dosi G, Gibelli L, Knopoff D, Outada N, Terna P, Virgillito ME, Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences 31 (9) :1-46 (2021).


The modeling of living systems composed of many interacting entities is treated in this paper with the aim of describing their collective behaviors. The mathematical approach is developed within the general framework of the kinetic theory of active particles. The presentation is in three parts. First, we derive the mathematical tools, subsequently, we show how the method can be applied to a number of case studies related to well defined living systems, and finally, we look ahead to research perspectives.